In relative dating, the temporal order of a sequence of events is determined, allowing the investigator to surmise whether a particular object or event is older or younger than, or occurred before or after, another object or event.In absolute or chronometric dating, the investigator establishes the age of an object or event in calendar years.dating, the determination of the age of an object, of a natural phenomenon, or of a series of events.There are two basic types of dating methods, relative and absolute.Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities.while in Europe archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines.
The range and type of past vegetation can give insight into past climate conditions and the impact of human activities on vegetation and landscape.The first methodical excavation of the Department of Archaeology had been carried out by Mr. Subsequently, the exploration and excavation activities were undertaken mainly in Anuradhapura and Sigiriya with the guidance of Mr. It was also discovered that tropical rain forests existed during this period. Burrows in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa during 1884 to 1886. This research has been initially carried out in 1979. Thus the modern researches reveal that the cave settlements in Sri Lanka date back to 40,000 years before present.This course explores the Bronze Age in Britain (2500-700BC), a time when the stone-working inhabitants first learnt and developed the skills of refining metal for tools and other objects.We will look at the Early Bronze Age ritual monuments and burial traditions, particularly the demise of communal burials and the adoption of Round Barrows for single burials accompanied by grave goods.